Women who have no symptoms or only mild symptoms do not need treatment.
Your provider may recommend the following self-care measures:
- Take over-the-counter medicine, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain
- Apply heat or ice on the breast
- Wear a well-fitting or sports bra
Some women believe that eating less fat, caffeine, or chocolate helps with their symptoms. But there is no evidence that these measures help.
Vitamin E, thiamine, magnesium, and evening primrose oil are not harmful in most cases. But studies have not shown these to be helpful. Talk with your are provider before taking any medicine or supplement.
For more severe symptoms, your provider may prescribe hormones, such as birth control pills or other medicine. Take the medicine exactly as instructed. Be sure to let your provider know if you have side effects from the medicine.
Surgery is never done to treat this condition. But if you have a lump that is suspicious, your provider may recommend a biopsy. In this test, a small amount of tissue is removed from the lump and examined under a microscope.